Question: What Is The Driving Force Behind The Hydrologic Cycle

The sun’s energy is the driving force behind the water cycle. The sun heats up water on land and in the oceans, lakes, and seas. The water changes from liquid to vapor in a process called evaporation. The water vapor cools and in a process called condensation forms droplets in the atmosphere.

What is the driving force of condensation?

The condensation of liquid water from vapor is driven by the gain in free energy of the condensed phase as compared to the vapor phase. Generally, the most common pathway to stimulate condensation is to increase the driving force, e.g. by cool the system.

How does the hydrologic cycle works?

Water molecules are heated by the sun and turn into water vapor that rises into the air through a process called evaporation. Next, the water vapor cools and forms clouds, through condensation.

What are two driving forces in the water cycle?

Energy from the sun and the force of gravity drive the continual cycling of water among these reservoirs. As the water is heated, it changes state from a liquid to a gas. This process is called evaporation.

What is the driving force behind the water cycle answers com?

Heat from the energy of the sun is the underlying or driving force for the water cycle.

What are two primary forces behind ocean currents?

Ocean currents can be caused by wind, density differences in water masses caused by temperature and salinity variations, gravity, and events such as earthquakes or storms. Currents are cohesive streams of seawater that circulate through the ocean.

What are the process of hydrologic cycle?

There are five processes at work in the hydrologic cycle: condensation, precipitation, infiltration, runoff, and evapotranspiration. These occur simultaneously and, except for precipitation, continuously.

What is the driving force of deep water ocean conveyor belt?

In the seas near Greenland and Norway, the water is cold. Some of it freezes, leaving salt behind. The cold, salty water becomes dense and sinks to the ocean floor. This water is known as the North Atlantic Deep Water, and it is one of the primary driving forces of the conveyor belt.

What is the driving force of precipitation?

The driving force of a precipitation reaction is the production of the solid product.

What is the driving force of the deep water ocean conveyor belt quizlet?

The driving force of the global deep water circulation is the cold, salty water of the North Atlantic Ocean. Such water is more dense than warm, fresh water and hence sinks to the ocean bottom, pushing water through the world’s oceans like a great plunger.

What are the forces that drive the global movement of water?

Ocean currents are the continuous, predictable, directional movement of seawater driven by gravity, wind (Coriolis Effect), and water density. Ocean water moves in two directions: horizontally and vertically.

What is the major driver of the water cycle?

The water cycle is driven by the Sun’s energy. The sun warms the ocean surface and other surface water, causing liquid water to evaporate and ice to sublime—turn directly from a solid to a gas. These sun-driven processes move water into the atmosphere in the form of water vapor.

What role do aquifers play in the water cycle?

What role do aquifers play in the water cycle? They store water in the ground.

What is the driving force behind ocean currents and atmospheric movement?

Answer: Winds, water density, and tides all drive ocean currents. Coastal and sea floor features influence their location, direction, and speed. Earth’s rotation results in the Coriolis effect which also influences ocean currents.

What is the primary driving force of these cycles?

Typical driving forces of a biogeochemical cycle are the metabolisms of living organisms, geological processes, or chemical reactions.

What is the main force energy that drives the water cycle?

(Credit: NASA.

How does the sun drive the movement of water from the oceans to the continents?

How does the sun drive the movement of water from the oceans to the continents? -The sun’s energy heats the oceans and causes the evaporation of water molecules. The ocean absorbs about one-third of the carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere from fossil fuel combustion and other human activities.

What is the driving force of the water cycle quizlet?

The SUN is the driving force behind this stage of the water cycle. The SUN heats up the water, allowing some molecules to gain enough energy to undergo a phase change from a liquid to a gas. The SUN is the driving force behind this stage of the water cycle.

What is the driving force of all energy on Earth?

The Earth obtains most of its energy from the sun and then sends it back into space again through the atmosphere.

Is driving force behind precipitation and infiltration?

The sun’s energy is the driving force behind the water cycle. The water vapor cools and in a process called condensation forms droplets in the atmosphere. These droplets become clouds. The droplets (or ice crystals if it’s cold enough) gather and then fall from the sky in a process called precipitation.

What are the 3 forces that drive the water cycle?

The water cycle consists of three major processes: evaporation, condensation, and precipitation. Evaporation is the process of a liquid’s surface changing to a gas. In the water cycle, liquid water (in the ocean, lakes, or rivers) evaporates and becomes water vapor.

What is the driving force of oceanic and atmospheric circulation *?

Heat, a form of energy, helps drive ocean and atmospheric circulation. The ocean absorbs and stores more heat than the atmosphere.

How does solar energy drive the hydrologic cycle?

As the diagram below shows, the Sun heats water from the ocean, lakes, rivers and Earth’s surface. This water then evaporates into the atmosphere. As the air rises and the temperature drops, the moisture-laden air condenses, forming clouds and eventually resulting in precipitation in the form of rain or snow.

What is the hydrologic process driven by?

The water cycle is driven primarily by the energy from the sun. This solar energy drives the cycle by evaporating water from the oceans, lakes, rivers, and even the soil. Other water moves from plants to the atmosphere through the process of transpiration.

Which part of the water cycle are caused by the force of gravity Brainly?

Most precipitation falls back into the oceans or onto land, where, due to gravity, the precipitation flows over the ground as surface runoff. A portion of runoff enters rivers in valleys in the landscape, with streamflow moving water towards the oceans.

What is reason behind the dynamics of the ocean water?

Ocean water is influenced by the rotation of the earth. Due to this, the ocean currents move clockwise in the northern hemisphere and in the opposite direction in the southern hemisphere. Planetary winds such as the easterlies also influence the direction of the movement of ocean water.